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War and intervention

Including international law and the UN

"All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations."
Charter of the United Nations, Chapter 1, Article 2, Point 4.

"Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired, signifies in the final sense a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed."
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, April 16, 1953

"Why of course the people don't want war. Why should some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally the common people don't want war: Neither in Russia, nor in England, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the peacemakers for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same in any country."
Hermann Goering at the Nuremberg Trials

Downloadable fact sheets
(requires PDF reader)
" Get active:
Things you can do
" Fact Sheet 1: Arms race
in facts and figures
" Fact Sheet 8: 
US energy policy, oil
and the war on Iraq
" Why another war?
Backgrounder on the Iraq 
Crisis (MERIP)

by Dr Sue Wareham (Thurs 11 Dec 2003, Canberra Times)
A confidential CIA memo
The truth about Australia's nuclear ambitions by Richard Broinowski
The privatisation of war By Ian Traynor (Guardian, December 10, 2003)
Howard's latest cosying up to Bush is madness by Kenneth Davidson (Age, December 11, 2003)
War Profiteering Starts at the Top By Chris Hartman and David Martin (June 24, 2003)
Oil, the hawks' strategy and the US strategic policy
Hawks tell Bush how to win war on terror By David Rennie (London Telegraph, 31 Dec 2003)
Oil is running out, but no one wants to talk about it By George Monbiot (Guardian, 2 December 2003)
Dominance and its dilemmas By Noam Chomsky (Sydney Morning Herald, October 14, 2003)
Spheres of influence: Neoconservative think tanks, periodicals, and key documents
Insider fires a broadside at Rumsfeld's office By Jim Lobe (Inter Press Service)
Strong Must Rule the Weak, said Neo-Cons' Muse by Jim Lobe (May 8, 2003, IPS)
Thank God for the death of the UN by Richard Perle (The Guardian, Friday March 21, 2003)
Wolfowitz of Arabia by Tom Engelhardt (
Ex-CIA director: U.S. faces 'World War IV' by Charles Feldman and Stan Wilson (CNN, April 3, 2003)
Cheney oil deal link fuels war critics (The Australian, May 09, 2003)
Imperial Enterprise: War Mongers Run Amuck by Gregory Elich (March 17, 2003)
Iran, Syria, Libya For Regime Change Next Says Richard Perle [World, February 25, 2003]
by William Rivers Pitt
Oil, Iraq and America by Dilip Hiro (The Nation, 16 December 2002)
After Iraq, Bush will attack his real target By Eric Margolis (November 10, 2002)
US plans to ditch industry rivals and force end of Opec By Peter Beaumont and Faisal Islam (The Observer, November 3, 2002)
In Iraqi War Scenario, Oil Is Key Issue By Dan Morgan and David B. Ottaway (Washington Post, September 15, 2002)
Israel, Iraq, and the United States By Edward Said (Al Ahram, October 2002)
The US & Iraq: A History By Richard Becker (Oct. 19, 2002)
Richard Armitages colourful past
The president's real goal in Iraq
By Jay Bookman (The Atlanta Journal-Constitution: 9/29/02)
What the White House really wants By Paul McGeough (SMH, September 28 2002)
By Jonathan Freedland (Guardian, September 20 2002)
By John Pilger (19 September 2002)
Doing as the Romans Did: Bush's War on Terror is a Sick Joke. By Tariq Ali
US Security Strategy (2002) (Requires PDF reader) or Word document
By Dan Morgan and David B. Ottaway (Washington Post Staff Writers, September 15, 2002)
Global Eye: Dark Passage By Chris Floyd (Sep. 20, 2002)
by Michael T. Klare [The Nation, October 7, 2002]
By Neil Mackay (Sunday Herald (UK), 15 Sept 2002)
by Scott Ritter (Chicago Tribune, Sept 10, 2002)
Rumsfeld: Nuclear Status Key to Pre-Emption Policy
. By Brian Whitaker (Guardian, September 3, 2002)
By John Donnelly and Anthony Shadid
(Boston Globe, September 10, 2002)
Bush Planned Iraq 'Regime Change' Before Becoming President. By Neil Mackay (September 15, 2002)'Successful prosecution of the war would be good for the economy' Bush economic czar's estimate much higher than Pentagon's. By Bob Davis (Wall Street Journal)
Iraq war hawks have plans to reshape entire Mideast. By John Donnelly and Anthony Shadid (The Boston Globe, 10 September, 2002)
by Robert Jensen and Rahul Mahajan (August 30, 2002)
by Jason Vest (The Nation, September 2, 2002)
Rebuilding America's Defences: Strategies, Forces and Resouces for the New Century (Project for the New American Century (September 2000) (PDF file)
Rebuilding America's Defences summary
For a Hawk-eye view go to Project for the New American Century Iraq page
Biographical note: Donald Rumsfeld super hawk
The United Nations, international law and war crimes
This War is illegal: Howard's last top law man By Margo Kingston (Courier Mail Online, March 21 2003)
Howard warned on war crimes (March 20 2003)
Call to ban bombs that lie in wait for children By Cynthia Banham (February 19, 2003)
Coalition of the willing? Make that war criminals (Sydney Morning Herald, 26 February 2003)
Attack not yet legal, says expert By Cynthia Banham (Sydney Morning Herald, February 27 2003)
Will Iraq war be an Australian war crime? by Michael Salvaris
The legality of use of force against Iraq: Legal opinion"War Powers Resolution
The Rogue Elephant By Francis A. Boyle
The UN Charter and Use of Force Against Iraq
Iraq, the UN and international law
International Law and a War on Iraq Articles

1972-2002 Vetoes from the USA
Thank God for the death of the UN
by Richard Perle (The Guardian, Friday March 21, 2003)
US dirty tricks to win vote on Iraq war by Martin Bright, Ed Vulliamy and Peter Beaumont (The Observer , Sunday March 2, 2003
NGOs Decry 'Bribes' and 'Threats' Behind U.N. Vote by Thalif Deen (
by Robert Fisk (Independent, 06 February 2003)
Spies, Lies & Iraq By Mark Hosenball and Evan Thomas (Newsweek February 10)
Focus on Iraq: Powell's UN speech dissected By Ali Abunimah (The Electronic Intifada 5 February 2003)
The Powell evidence: A collection
US is misquoting my Iraq report, says Blix By Judith Miller and Julia Preston in New York (February 1 2003)
Bush's war on the UN by Tony Benn (January 7, 2003)
Behind United Nations Sanctions Against Iraq An Interview with Dennis Halliday (Z-Net December 30, 2002)
The golden rulemakers: how money and power are driving the UN By Gary Younge (The Guardian, November 11, 2002)
Security Council Resolution: Hidden Traps Remain By Phyllis Bennis (5 November 2002)
UN resolution a step towards to war By Katerina Lecchi (11 November 2002)
US dollars yielded unanimous UN vote against Iraq By Thalif Deen (IPS, 11 November, 2002)
Attack on Baghdad without new UN resolution illegal, says QC By Richard Norton-Taylor (The Guardian, November 20, 2002)
The golden rulemakers: how money and power are driving the UN By Gary Younge (The Guardian, November 11, 2002)
Document Leaves Way Clear For War By Ewen MacAskill and Oliver Burkeman (Guardian November 7, 2002)
Download UN Sceurity Council Draft Resolution (6 November 2002) PDF format
by Robert Fisk (Independent, 08 November 2002)
Security Council Resolution: Hidden Traps Remain By Phyllis Bennis (5 November 2002)
Diplomats warn that U.S. strike at Iraq would undermine UN IPS (Oct 14, 2002)
Download UN Security Council Draft Resolution (6 November 2002) PDF format
A UN Resolution for agggression by Chandra Muzaffar
UN vote hurdle lies ahead for Washington By Carola Hoyos (NYT, 15 October 2002)
UN Security Council Resolutions Currently Being Violated by Countries Other than Iraq By Stephen Zunes
Presidential Compliance" Congressional Research Service (CRS) report by Richard F.Grimmett Download as PDF
by Carah Ong (July 11, 2002)
US tempts Russia with profits of ousting Saddam. From Robin Shepherd in Moscow
Iraqs letter to the Secretary General (17 September 2002)
Backing on Iraq? Let's Make a Deal. Behind-the-scenes talks get underway to see which inducements might sway nations. By Paul Richter and Greg Miller (Times, September 13 2002)
Bush hectors U.N. by Ian Williams, AlterNet.
A Decade of Deception and Defiance: Bushs statement to UN (September 13 2002)
The 'war on terror'
This war on terrorism is bogus by Michael Meacher (Guardian, September 6, 2003)
Confessions of a Terrorist
Terror ad campaign threatens values it aims to protect by Joseph Wakim (The Age, January 1 2003)
By Chris Floyd
CIA concerned US war on terror is missing root causes (AFP, Oct 29, 2002)
Following Bush's agenda now leaves Australia vulnerable to further attacks By Christopher Kremmer (SMH, October 18 2002)
Bali's victims are testament to Bush's flawed war on terror by Richard Norton-Taylor (The Guardian, October 14, 2002)
The Other "Good War:" Afghanistan One Year Later by Rahul Mahajan